The energy sector in Turkey
With a population of 84 million, Turkey is a country with a high rate of economic growth. Economic and demographic growth have led to high consumption of primary energies: +92% between 2000 and 2020.
With the exception of coal, Turkey is dependent on fossil fuels. These fuels are imported up to 83%. Turkey nevertheless has large coal stocks: 11.5 billion in 2019.
The Turkish government has developed an independent energy policy that includes several aspects: securing supply, optimizing energy consumption, diversifying the energy mix, nationalizing and liberalizing the market.
In this desire for independence, the Turkish energy market is full of opportunities, ranging from nuclear projects, through the discovery of gas fields, to the development of renewable energies.